Spinal Tumor Surgeries
It is unnecessary to do surgery on all spinal tumors at the earliest opportunity. Instead, the tumor may be monitored for changes over time. This is a standard procedure for minor benign (non-cancerous) tumors. However, surgical intervention may be necessary for larger benign tumors, specific spine cancer (malignant), and progressing tumors. You can consult Dr.Suresh Cheetkala, one of the best spine surgeon in Hyderabad if you have any doubts.
Back or neck discomfort, balance issues, trouble walking, and bowel or bladder dysfunction may need spine surgery to remove or decrease the size of a tumor. Many variables influence whether or not surgery is undertaken, including:
- Whether the tumor is benign or malignant depends on the classification.
- Size and location of the tumor
- Injuries to the spinal cord or nerves may result in neurologic impairment.
- inability to stabilize the spine due to a vertebral fracture or degeneration
- A problem with the urethra or the bladder
- Chronic pain that has not responded to non-surgical treatments
- Immunity and the danger of infection in general
Spinal Tumor Surgical Treatment Options
1. Decompression: –
Remove the tumour in its whole or part. In the medical field, phrases like debulking, excise, and resection are utilised (partial removal). These treatments decompress or alleviate pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots to alleviate pain and symptoms.
2. Embolisation: –
To delay or cut off the tumour’s blood supply via an interventional method done by a radiologist. As a result, the tumour shrinks due to embolisation (embolisation treatment).
3. Kyphoplasty or Vertebroplasty: –
A broken vertebra may be stabilised and alleviated with either technique. Bony compression or fracture may be caused by a spinal tumour that grows inside or invades (metastasises, spreads) a vertebra. Although surgical bone cement is injected into the fracture to fix it in both kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty procedures, the two are distinct.
- Implanting orthopaedic balloons into the fracture, inflating them until they form a hole or cavity, and then removing them is kyphoplasty.
- Balloons are not used in vertebroplasty. Radiofrequency ablation and vertebroplasty are two newer methods for removing the tumour tissue and creating a chamber for the bone cement to be placed in, respectively. To remove tissue and create a cavity, radiofrequency ablation employs radio wave radiation to destroy the cellular molecular connections of the tumour.
- Fracture stabilisation may be achieved using either method.
4. Radiosurgery (CyberKnife): –
Certain spinal cancers may be effectively treated without surgery using this non-invasive method of carefully focused radiation delivery. Instead, one or more sessions of high-dose radiation are used to give radiosurgery therapy. As opposed to surgery, this procedure does not instantly eliminate the tumour from the body. The tumour, on the other hand, gradually fades away over time.
5. Spinal Stabilization: –
After a decompression technique (or other surgery) that removes bone or tissue, such as an intervertebral disc, a spinal tumour might cause your spine to become unstable—increased risk of significant neurologic damage, such as paralysis or debilitation due to spinal instability.
Another surgical approach to removing your tumour may entail spinal stabilisation. Spinal instrumentation and bone grafts are often used to stabilise patients. To rapidly stabilise the spine, instrumentation may involve the insertion of plates, interbody devices, and screws. Whether it’s an autograft, allograft, or another sort of graft, a bone transplant helps to encourage new bone development in the spine as it heals. When new bone development connects the vertebrae, fusion occurs.
Looking for Spinal infections treatment in Hyderabad you can visit Dr.Suresh Cheekatla is amongst the best spine surgeons in Hyderabad . He has expertise in spinal tunor surgeries.